Using dodge & burn as part of your editing workflow in Luminar 2018 can really help refine your image and allow you far greater control over the areas you adjust.
Dodging and burning is an old darkroom technique, and it’s simply lightening or darkening certain areas of a photograph while leaving the other areas as they are. In the digital age, we still use dodge and burn to lighten and darken, but we use editing software to do it instead of controlling light in the darkroom.
Luminar 2018’s Dodge & Burn tool is very simple to use; you don’t need to remember whether dodge is lighten or burn is darken, unlike some other image editors.
For this article, I’m using a skyline of Barcelona that was taken around midday. There are areas of deep shadow, and the sky is too light in places.You can use dodge and burn on any type of photograph, and if you just want to practice you can use Luminar’s handy sample image.
To get the best out of the Dodge & Burn tool, you should have already made your adjustments such as exposure, contrast, color, adding an overlay etc. Dodge and burn should be one of the final steps in editing an image. Think of it as adding the finishing touches. The image I’m using today has been deliberately left unedited so you can see the dramatic changes you can get just by using the Dodge & Burn, too.
Upload your image, then click the Add Filter button on the right-hand side of the screen. A list of filters will appear.
You’ll find the Dodge & Burn tool in the Professional category of filters. Don’t be put off by it being a professional tool; it’s very easy to use even if you’ve never done dodging and burning before.
Click on the Start Painting button:
A bar will appear across the top of the screen with the dodge & burn options:
You can change from one to the other just by clicking the buttons. Lighten and darken will give you a brush that will lighten or darken the parts of your image that you paint on. Erase will rub out the changed areas, which is great if you make a mistake, and Reset will completely undo all of the painting you have done up to that point.
The Size and Strength options are to control the brush. You can adjust the size of your brush tip by changing the slider under Size, but there’s a handy keyboard shortcut by using the bracket ( ) keys to make your brush larger or smaller.
The strength option is set at 50 percent by default, but I find that’s too strong, and can make your adjustments look unnatural. I always move the Strength slider down to between five and ten percent to start with. If that’s not enough, I will then move it up by stages until I have the perfect strength for that image. Each photo is different, so while some may need a lot of adjusting, others only need a light touch.
The shadow sides of the buildings in this image could do with lightening up. Once I had set up the strength and size of my brush, I simply brushed over the areas on the image that needed lightening. Luminar 2018 has a built-in sophisticated masking system, so it will blend the edges of your brush strokes for a natural look.
I darkened the sky and the buildings that were in direct sunlight using the Darken tool. This is great if you have areas of your image that are a bit washed-out or slightly overexposed. If you have totally blown highlights, there will be no detail left in them to recover by darkening, so it’s not worth doing on really overexposed images.
It’s best to build up your brushwork gradually, and every now and then stop and take a look at the whole image to make sure you like all the changes. You can also toggle between Before and After views by using the eye icon along the top menu bar. This will allow you to see how far you have come from the original image.
This is the image before and after dodging and burning:
You can see the dramatic difference in both the buildings and the sky, and it looks very natural. Dodging and burning really helps to finish off an image, and can draw your viewer’s eye towards certain parts of the image that you want to emphasize.
It only took me a few minutes to lighten and darken selected areas of my image using Luminar 2018’s Dodge & Burn filter. It’s easy to use, and easy to erase any mistakes or reset your image. You should also take advantage of the Layers capability of Luminar 2018 if you are making adjustments to your image. This way, you can make as many adjustments as you like on separate layers without changing your original image.
Learn more: Luminar 2018 Photo Editor
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