5 Photographer Mistakes to Avoid

Low light photographer Serge Ramelli shares some elementary beginner photography mistakes that most photographers tend to make at some point:

1. Shooting at the Wrong Time of Day

beginner photography mistakes

Time of day makes a huge difference.

Well, you probably know where this is going. Light. Shooting at the wrong time of day means not utilizing the sensational golden light at the golden hour or the deep colors of the blue hour. You can get away with shooting during the day, but if you make it a point to come back during sunset or sunrise, you’re practically guaranteed much better imagery.

2. Shooting Without a Neutral Density Filter

Without an ND filter you get shots like this:

beginner photography mistakes

Without a ND filter

Flat water, everything frozen in time. With an ND filter, you can get potentially mind blowing shots like this:

shooting with a ND filter

With a ND filter

The moving water and clouds create a foamy effect when you use a long exposure.

Ramelli recommends an exposure of at least one to two seconds. Yes, you may be able to replicate some of the effects in Photoshop, but nothing beats the convenience of getting most of the final shot in-camera.

3. Shooting at Night Without a Tripod

Shooting at night without a tripod is a recipe for disaster. You won’t get a sharp photo. And you’ll overcompensate for the lack of light by upping the ISO, and in the process you’ll get a lot of digital noise.

elementary beginner photography mistakes

The simple solution is to use a tripod. With a tripod you can shoot at ISO 100 and get a sharp noise-free photo. Plus, with a long exposure you can make people in the frame vanish.

shoot at night with a tripod

4. Not Using Composition for Storytelling

We’re all guilty of not putting much thought into composing our images sometimes. The result is that our images are too cluttered—too busy to decipher any serious meaning.

mistakes made by beginner photographers

Cluttered image

Ramelli used an alternative approach. He walked around and found an angle which conveyed a more meaningful representation, focusing on the architecture rather than the people around it.

composition that tells a story

Here’s another example:

elementary mistakes by photographers

Original composition

how to correct the basic photography mistakes

A more thoughtful composition

5.  Shooting in JPEG Rather Than RAW

For one reason or the other, a majority of beginners prefer to shoot in JPEG mode. A RAW file is a digital negative and that means it gives you more options. You can make more adjustments to your RAW frames, including color balance, contrast, and tonal adjustments. A JPEG file limits your post-processing choices.

Here are the comparative results:

advantages of shooting in RAW


benefits of shooting in RAW

RAW file after basic adjustments

shoot in RAW rather than JPEG

JPEG file after basic adjustments

What other mistakes do you see photographers making?

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