The entry into the world of macro photography often starts with the macro mode on a point & shoot camera. But for DSLR shooters the it’s a bit more complicated. You’ll need either a dedicated macro lens, which is expensive, special adapters for reverse mounting a lens, or extension tubes. Adam Kappa explains how to use extension tubes for shooting macro photography on a budget:
Any DSLR will do. No need to go overboard or splurge on expensive gear.
A kit lens is enough for the purpose of shooting macro photos using the technique discussed in the video.
You need something to throw light onto your subject. Ambient light is not enough, as the working distance is really small. You can get the cheapest external flash that you can find, as long as you can manually set the amount of light that the flash can fire.
Extension tubes are basically what the name suggests.
They extend the front element of the lens closer to the subject and therefore away from the sensor. There are different versions of extension tubes. Some expensive ones allow you to auto-focus. But you don’t always need auto-focusing extension tubes.
This part is important, especially if you’re using an external flash.
You need to be able to find a way to soften the light. To make a softbox, all you need is a clear takeout food box (or similar), paper towels, and transparent gum tape (brown tape will also do).
Set your camera to manual focusing. Set your focus to infinity. Turn off image stabilization.
Choose a big f-number (e.g. f/11) to get a larger depth of field. In a macro setting the smaller the f-number, the quicker the image will lose depth of field. You may not want that. On the other hand, some photographers do want that. So, it all depends on your preference.
These settings are subjective and depend on your specific shooting requirements. Leave the shutter speed at 1/200 of a second. This will be dependent on the maximum sync speed of your camera. Leave the ISO at 500.
Finally, adjust the focusing and the zoom rings to get closer or farther away as necessary for the right shot.
Have you tried using extension tubes? How did it go?
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