How to Photograph the Moon

Photographing the moon can be tricky. Last year I had a go at it and it was a complete disaster with the moon looking like a big bright blurry mass in the sky. After a bit of trial and error I discovered how to take nice shots of the moon.

"Harvest Moon" captured by Robin

“Harvest Moon” captured by Robin (Click Image to Find Photographer)

The right lens

The first thing you need is a powerful zoom lens. The moon may look big in the night sky but when your camera takes a photo of it, the moon will only fill a tiny portion of the photo. On a 50mm lens the moon with be nothing more than a dot in your picture. The lens I used in the photos opposite were taken on a Canon 100-400mm lens which was a lot better but to be honest an even longer zoom would have been better.

Keep it steady

The next thing you 100% need is a tripod. Keeping the camera still is essential for getting a sharp image, and if your using a long zoom lens camera shake will be an issue as it’s the longer the zoom the more camera shake affects the image. The tripod will hold the lens still and allow you to take a sharp image. Also you will need to use either the cameras timer function or a shutter release cable to trigger the camera shutter… otherwise you can jolt the camera while taking the photo and get blurred results.

"fly me past the moon" captured by David Hobcote

“fly me past the moon” captured by David Hobcote (Click Image to Find Photographer)


What f-number/aperture should you use? The first thing that comes to mind is a low f-number i.e. f4.0 or lower to take in more light. This is where I went wrong – the moon is actually very bright in the sky and using a low f-number can completely blow out the moon and make it look more like the sun. The ideal f-number would be somewhere between f11 and f16.

Shutter speed

For Shutter speed again you would assume a slow speed but again this is the opposite. Since the moon is bright you don’t need as much time to capture the light it gives off. Also the moon actually moves quite fast along the night sky – if you have a 400mm lens or longer you can actually see the moon moving slowly across the viewfinder. If we used a slow shutter speed then the actual movement of the moon could cause us to lose detail. This is why I would recommend a speed of around 1/125 – 1/250.

"moon" captured by Paul Simpson

“moon” captured by Paul Simpson (Click Image to Find Photographer)

ISO speed I would have around 200-400 and then just experiment with different combinations of ISO, aperture and shutter speed with the guidelines above until you get a nice exposure of the moon. You may need to also experiment if the moon is showing different amounts depending on the time of the month.


Once you have your perfect shot load it onto your computer. Even on a 400mm lens the moon can still take up a relatively small area of your photo. If you got your settings spot on and managed to get a very sharp photo of the moon then you can crop your image and even zoom in a little bit so the moon itself fits better in the finished framing of your photo.

"Tower Bridge. London" captured by Peter Wolledge

“Tower Bridge. London” captured by Peter Wolledge (Click Image to Find Photographer)

  • Use a long zoom lens.
  • Always use a tripod and shutter release or timer cable.
  • Don’t use a low f-number.
  • Don’t use a slow shutter speed.

About the Author:
Chris Thornton writes for, a Web & Print design company.

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  1. Awesome post, I always wondered, lol

  2. Tp says:

    you guy`s should try to take a picture of the moon when its half .. get more detail of the moon then:P thank you for a super article :)

  3. mrbhappy says:

    brill, have been doing the wrong thing all along!
    lol :D

  4. optimus says:

    thnx a lot dude….!!!….wt i calld moon till nw…ws jus a white dot in the blck sky…!!….bt i guess…i neva did it rite…!!…thnx again…!!
    au revoir.

  5. Karen says:

    Thanks I needed this the moon was blood red last night and I missed it. NEVER again!

  6. DaddySS says:

    Excellent info, thanks!

  7. Gerard says:

    Wow! The picture of the plane and the Moon is amazing!

  8. Sandy says:

    What about focusing? Do you focus to Infinity with Manual Focus?

  9. Jim Curione says:

    Why not work with the “Sunny 16” rule.
    The moon is always illuminated by the sun so it will work. 1 divided by the ISO = shutter speed. Your aperture will always be f16. Manual mode.
    Maybe change the aperture by 1/3 either way.

  10. Jay Callaghan says:

    Moon is always fun to shoot. Especially when you can get the timing correct with a passing airplane. Such is the case with me – after a 2 1/2 hours wait and being eaten alive by mosquitoes I finally managed my “Fly me to the Moon” shot –

  11. Rennis Kauffman says:

    Good article – I was very frustrated in trying Super Moon shots because I was opening the aperture too much and/or too slow of a shutter speed. I did manage to get a decent one before it was completely dark out. I think this made it easier for me to focus.

    one thing that’s not mentioned but is very important – turn off the Image Stabilizer. I had heard that you should do this if you’re on a tripod but didn’t really experience lens wandering until I was shooting a moon.

  12. michael says:

    Thanks! Last year in February I sat out during the blood moon lunar eclipse for four hours at 11-3. I wasn’t too thrilled with the results. Tonight’s will be much better since I’m not learning as I go and am prepared

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