Photographing sunsets and sunrises can produce some of the most beautiful images you will take. Surprisingly, these wonderful scenes are not that difficult to photograph. This article will give you a few tips to make your sunset and sunrise images the best they can be.
First, be aware that you should not look directly at the sun when it is still bright yellow in the sky. This can cause permanent eye damage even when you are looking through the camera view finder. Wait until the sun is close to the horizon with a reddish color when the rays are not as strong. Or take the picture when the sun is partially blocked behind an object like a building.
Most of the time you will not normally be in the best place to get great shots when the sun is setting or rising. More than likely there will be buildings, wires, poles and other things in the way that would detract from the picture.Take note of the time the sun sets or rises in your area. Then choose a location and pick a day to go out and take the pictures. Get there early and try to visualize a few shots before the show begins. The most dramatic coloring of the sky and other areas in the scene only lasts about a half hour, but you should take some shots before and after the sun sets or rises. There will still be some pretty lighting around.
The best places to take the pictures would be beaches, plains, deserts, or anywhere there is less obstruction of the views. However, you can get great sunset and sunrise pictures anywhere if you are creative and know a little about picture composition. You might be able to use those “obstructions” in your picture and wind up with a picture that is more than just the sun on a beach.
The sunlight reflections on clouds can be very dramatic. You never know what cloud formations will be in the sky from day to day. Sometimes there will be thick clouds, other times wisps of clouds. No matter what type, when the sun is setting or rising you will see an amazing light show. Take plenty of shots from various views and angles. Remember that in that dramatic half hour or so, the clouds could be moving and the sun will definitely be sinking or rising, so the tone and amount of light will vary. So don’t just settle for one or two nice shots. You could be walking away from the best shot ever!
Try to avoid placing the horizon directly in the middle of the frame. Lowering the horizon to the lower third of the frame will emphasize the sky more and make a more pleasing image. If you are at the beach and want to emphasize reflections in the water, then you might want to raise the horizon to the upper third of the frame to emphasize the water. This is a part of the Rule of Thirds principle. However, just like any rule, it can be broken.
No matter where you place the horizon, try your best to keep it level across the frame of the picture. A horizon that is too slanted wont’ look natural and can ruin a beautiful picture.
Try placing objects in the foreground and use silhouettes. Although the sun and clouds in the sky is a great stand alone picture, an object such as a tree, a bird, a boat, or a person walking in the foreground can change the whole perspective of the picture. Also, look behind you,and look to the left and right. There might also be some nice scenery around you with beautiful colors. All pictures don’t have to be take in the direct path of the sun.
One of the best things about photographing sunsets and sunrises is that there is no “proper exposure”. First of all, pointing your camera towards the sun will automatically fool your cameras light meter and cause the picture to be underexposed. The good news is that when taking these type pictures it can actually look pretty good when the image is underexposed. Any objects in the foreground will become silhouttes, creating another nice effect. However, you will want to have a little more control than having the meter continuously underexpose your pictures. If you have a Digital Single Lens Reflex Camera, you can adjust your aperture and shutter speeds to various settings.
Take one or two pictures with the exposure settings the camera suggests. Then take one or two at different exposure settings to make the image lighter or darker than what the camera suggests. This is called bracketing. This will give you images a with a variety of different tones and shades to choose from. If you are using a Compact Digital Camera, you can do the same thing by using your camera’s Exposure Compensation function. After you take a couple of shots using the automatic exposure, set your camera to +1EV, or -1EV to have a variety of exposures to choose from.
The white balance function in your camera might try to compensate for the extreme warm colors that are in a sunset or sunrise image. (It might think the colors are wrong and try to adjust them) If you have a Digital Single Lens Reflex camera, you can adjust or turn off the white balance. If you are a Compact Digital camera user, usually setting the camera white balance to a daylight or cloudy setting will usually yield colors similar to the ones you are actually viewing.
Funny thing about sunsets and sunrises is that even when colors are slightly off, the effect is usually still appealing. (that is unless the sky shows as green). In any case these picture colors can be adjusted using some of the various post processing software available.
Take plenty of shots and experiment. The best thing about sunsets and sunrises is that the scenes are never the same from one day to another, but they are almost always beautiful.
About the Author:
Keith Jones writes for http://easybasicphotography.com. A site geared towards beginners through serious amateurs who want to learn a little more about basic digital photography.
Like This Article?
Don't Miss The Next One!
Join over 100,000 photographers of all experience levels who receive our free photography tips and articles to stay current: